Liquor Laboratory

ll logo white
ll logo white

Pilsner vs IPA: Exploring the World of Craft Beers (2024)

Pilsner vs IPA

When it comes to beer, there’s nothing quite like the age-old debate of Pilsner vs IPA. While each iconic brew has a loyal following, which do you think is the best option for your taste buds?

As someone who has had the pleasure of savoring both beers, I’m here to guide you through the delightful world of these beer styles. If you’re torn between these brews, check this comparison out!

Comparing Pilsner & IPA Beer Styles

Pouring Beer on a Glass

Pilsner and IPA, short for India Pale Ale, are two distinct styles of beer that cater to diverse palates. While they share the same overarching beer category, they couldn’t be more different.

When it comes to beers, Pilsner and IPA are two titans with distinctive personalities.

Pilsners, originating from the Czech Republic, exude elegance with their crisp and clean character, often showcasing a mild malt sweetness and gentle hop bitterness.

“In the world of beer, every glass is an adventure waiting to be savored.” – Liquor Laboratory

In contrast, IPAs, hailing from England, are the rebels of the beer family. They embrace hops with open arms, delivering a bold, hoppy punch and a higher level of bitterness.

While both fall under the broad category of beer, Pilsners are more approachable and balanced, while IPAs are the hop-driven adventurers that take your taste buds on a wild ride.

It’s like comparing a classic symphony to a rock concert – both have their unique appeal but are entirely different experiences.

India Pale Ale (IPA) vs Pilsner Beer Cheat Sheet

AspectPilsnerIPA (India Pale Ale)
Beer TypeLagerAle
OriginCzech RepublicEngland (originally)
Flavor ProfileCrisp mouthfeel, clean taste, malt flavorsStrong hoppy flavor, often citrusy
Bitterness LevelLowHigh
Alcohol Content4-6% ABV6-7% ABV (or more)
ColorPale goldAmber to deep gold
Hops VarietyNoble hopsVarious, often floral hops
Serving Temperature40-45°F (4-7°C)45-50°F (7-10°C)
Popular SubstylesCzech Pilsners and German PilsnersWest Coast IPA and Double or Imperial IPAs
Star Rating★★★★★★★★★☆

What’s An IPA Beer?

Indian Pale Ales (IPAs), generally, are like the rockstars of the craft beer world, particularly the ale category.

IPAs tend to burst onto the scene with a bang, flaunting their bold character and distinct hoppy bitterness.

Indian Pale Ales has hoppy notes, which lend them a wide range of flavors, from piney and resinous to tropical and citrusy.

My First Sip: As I sip an Indian Pale Ale, there’s a burst of hop-flavor aroma that leads to an explosion of flavors on your palate. The hoppy bitterness is front and center, accompanied by some hop-derived tastes.

Final Sip: On the finish, IPA leaves a lingering hop bitterness that keeps me coming back for more. Whether it’s a classic American IPA or a double IPA with a higher alcohol content, it surely delivers.

What’s A Pilsner Beer?

Glass of Beer

A Pilsner is one of the most sophisticated and most popular beer styles – a well-mannered cousin of the beer lager family.

Pilsners originate from the Czech Republic, and their hallmark is a crisp taste and brilliantly clear appearance. Czech Pilsners are all about balance, with malt and hops working harmoniously.

My First Sip: On my first sip of a Pilsner, I immediately noticed its refreshing qualities. It has the characteristic sweetness of lighter malts, followed by a slight bitterness.

Final Sip: I like Pilsners for their clean and crisp finish, leaving the palate refreshed and satisfied. These styles of beer [1] can be enjoyed on a warm summer day or paired with various foods.

Key Differences

Origin & History

The tale of Pilsner began in Pilsen, Czech Republic [2], in the 19th century, when the citizens of Pilsen rebelled against their subpar brews, leading to the creation of the world’s first Pilsner lager.

Conversely, India Pale Ale has a more adventurous origin, with its roots in England. Its brewing process involves extra hops and higher alcohol content to survive the long sea journey to India, hence the name.

Base Ingredients

Pilsner beers belong to the lager category, while IPAs fall under ales. Although you might assume they employ distinct ingredients in brewing, that’s not the case.

Both beer styles share the same fundamental ingredients; it’s the type of yeast that sets them apart.

The choice of yeast strain determines if the beer is classified as a lager or ale. Pilsner beers employ the bottom-fermenting yeast Saccharomyces pastorianus, which ferments at lower temperatures.

In contrast, IPAs use top-fermenting yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which the yeast ferments rapidly at higher temperatures during the brewing process and can impart unique flavors to the pale ale.

While yeast plays a crucial role, malted grains also influence the beer’s taste and aroma. Barley malt is the predominant choice for brewing, except for wheat beers.

Both IPAs and Pilsners utilize barley, but Pilsners often opt for lighter-colored malts, leaning more toward malt flavors.

Hops, another essential ingredient, are used differently in Pilsners and IPAs. Pilsners favor Saaz noble hops, imparting more aroma and less bitter taste.

IPAs [3], on the other hand, commonly employ a variety of high-alpha acid hops like Cascade, Amarillo, Citra, Centennial, and Chinook, contributing to both aroma and bitterness.

Water, the last primary component, varies as well. IPAs use plain water, while Pilsners often use softer water specific to the regions where they are brewed.

Also Read:

Brewing Process

The brewing process for these two beer styles shares a fundamental simplicity, yet distinct differences emerge along the way.

Both beers start by mashing barley malt to extract essential sugars and enzymes for fermentation. The crucial divergence arises during wort boiling, particularly in hop usage.

While IPAs mix hops at various stages for pronounced hoppy bitterness and aromatic qualities, Pilsners generally introduce hops solely at the outset of boiling to impart a subtle bitter taste and minimal aroma.

In contrast, Pilsners employs a distinct fermentation process emphasizing pronounced malt character over hop flavor.

The lower fermentation temperature of the bottom-fermenting yeast encourages slower yeast activity, resulting in a crisp taste profile with only a subtle hop presence.

Hops Usage & Bitterness

Filling Glass with Beer

IPAs and Pilsners differ notably in their utilization of hops and levels of bitterness. Hops play a pivotal role during the brewing process, contributing flavor, aroma, and bitterness to the beer.

IPAs contain generous hop, which imparts a more bitter taste. The hop varieties employed in IPAs span a broad spectrum, offering notes ranging from herbal to fruity or citrusy.

Conversely, Pilsner beer typically incorporates fewer hops, resulting in a smoother taste with diminished bitterness compared to IPAs.

Interestingly, Double IPAs (DIPAs) and Imperial IPAs (IIPAs) take hop infusion to even greater heights than standard IPAs.

This results in a substantially elevated International Bitterness Units (IBU) level, making these beers noticeably more intense in terms of bitterness when compared to both regular IPAs and Pilsners.

Fermentation Process

Pilsners are fermented with bottom-fermenting yeast strains at cooler temperatures, while Indian Pale Ales use top-fermenting yeast strains at warmer temperatures.

Take note: Fermentation is a pivotal factor influencing the flavor and alcohol levels in IPAs and Pilsners.

During fermentation, yeast consumes sugar from malted grains, yielding carbon dioxide and ethyl alcohol.


IPAs have hop-forward flavors ranging from floral to piney to fruity. Pilsners favor a balanced flavor profile with a mild sweetness and subtle hop flavor.

Ales, including India Pale Ales, have robust flavors driven by top-fermenting yeast and abundant hops. IPAs offer intense, fruity, and hoppy profiles that can overshadow the malt flavor.

Pilsners, in contrast, are subtly flavored, delivering a more delicate flavor profile. While IPAs leave a lasting bitterness, Pilsners offer a shorter hop presence.

Aroma varies from floral to earthy in Pilsners, with German Pilsners being more austere than their Czech counterparts.

IPAs suit those who crave complexity, while Pilsners provide a flavorful option for lager enthusiasts seeking a bit more taste without the IPA’s intensity.


IPAs tend to have a fuller body and can be pretty resinous, while Pilsners are light and crisp, with a clean finish.

Aroma & Appearance

IPAs boast aromatic hops that often dominate the aroma. Pilsners have a more delicate aroma, focusing on a clean, slightly sweet malt scent.

In regards to their appearance, Pilsners and IPAs display clear distinctions. IPAs often exhibit an amber-to-copper hue with a hazy or cloudy appearance.

In comparison, Pilsners shine with a straw to golden color, usually clear and sparkling appearance.

The use of caramel malts in IPAs can darken their complexion and introduce sweetness, while Pilsners rely on lighter malts, contributing to their pale color.

Serving Temperature

Pilsners are perfect for warmer temperatures thanks to their cooler serving temperature of 40-45ºF, enhancing their refreshing characteristics.

In contrast, IPAs shine best at 50-55ºF, allowing the hop bitterness to come forward.


Glass of Beer on a Wooden Table

Pilsners are traditionally served in tall, slender glasses that showcase their clarity. IPAs often find their home in a pint glass or tulip glass.

Food Pairings

In terms of food pairings, Pilsners are versatile, pairing well with a variety of dishes, especially blue cheese or sharp cheddar, fried foods, and chicken wings.

Meanwhile, IPAs can stand up to bold, flavorful, and spicy foods, making them a favorite for pairing with Indian and Mexican cuisines.

Popular Examples

The popular samples of Pilsner include:

  • Pilsner Urquell
  • Heineken
  • Stella Artois
  • Beck’s
  • Prague Pilsner

In comparison, popular samples of an India Pale Ales include:

  • Sierra Nevada Pale Ale
  • Stone IPA
  • Rogue Dead Guy Ale
  • Bell’s Two Hearted Ale
  • British IPA

Price & Value

Pilsner beer is generally more affordable and offers excellent value for those seeking a refreshing beer. IPAs, particularly specialty and craft beer versions, can be pricier due to the abundance of hops used.

Are There Any Similarities?

Yes, there are similarities between Pilsners and IPAs. Both contain the main ingredients (hops, malted grain, water, and yeast) like other beer styles [4].

However, they vary on the yeast used in the brewing process, with Pilsner using the bottom-fermenting yeast and IPA using the top-fermenting yeast.

“Fermentation may have been a greater discovery than fire.” – David Rains Wallace, American Writer

Both IPAs and Pilsners typically boast similar carbonation levels, ranging from 2 to 3 volumes of CO2.

This substantial carbonation contributes to their refreshing and crisp mouthfeel, elevating the overall drinking sensation.

While Pilsners and IPAs have distinct characteristics, they share another fundamental trait: they’re both beloved by beer enthusiasts worldwide.

Whether you lean towards the crisp elegance of a Pilsner beer or the hoppy adventure of an IPA, there’s no denying that both styles have earned their place in the beer hall of fame.


Which has a more malty taste, IPA or Pilsner?

Pilsners tend to have a slightly more pronounced malt sweetness compared to IPAs, where hops often take center stage.

Which is more beginner-friendly, Pilsner or IPA?

Pilsners, or any pale lager, are generally considered more beginner-friendly due to their mild flavor profile and clean finish.
However, adventurous beginners may find IPAs or other beer styles intriguing.

Is Pilsner smoother than IPA?

Yes, Pilsners are known for their smooth and crisp character, whereas IPAs can have a more robust and bitter profile. Additionally, a Pilsner beer often has a lower alcohol content than IPAs.

How do the ingredients differ between pilsners and IPAs?

Pilsners typically use lighter malt varieties and noble hops, resulting in a lighter color and flavor. IPAs often feature a variety of hops, including American or New World hops, which contribute to their bold hop character and aroma.

Which beer style has a higher alcohol content, pilsner, or IPA?

Generally, IPAs tend to have a higher alcohol content compared to pilsners. While pilsners typically have a moderate alcohol by volume (ABV) ranging from 4-5%, IPAs can vary widely but often fall in the range of 6-7% ABV or higher.

Can you describe the flavor differences between a pilsner and an IPA?

Pilsners offer a clean, refreshing taste with subtle malt sweetness and a mild hop bitterness, whereas IPAs are characterized by their bold hop flavors, often featuring citrus, floral, pine, or resinous notes, along with a significant hop bitterness.

Are there differences in appearance between pilsners and IPAs?

Yes, there are noticeable differences in appearance. Pilsners typically have a pale golden color with a clear appearance and a frothy white head, while IPAs can range from pale amber to deep gold or even amber-orange hues, often with a cloudy appearance due to dry-hopping or other brewing techniques.

Which beer style is better suited for those who prefer a milder taste with less bitterness?

Pilsners are generally preferred by those who enjoy milder beer styles with less bitterness. Their balanced flavor profile and crisp finish make them a popular choice for easy drinking.

Final Verdict

In the grand battle of Pilsner vs IPA, my personal preference leans toward the Pilsner. Its timeless elegance (like classic lagers), crispness, and versatility make it an excellent choice for any occasion.

Among other beer styles, Pilsner beer is one of my go-to drinks whenever I feel the need for something light and refreshing, most especially during the summer months.

Also, they’re budget-friendly, perfect as everyday drinks. Its lower ABV, mild bitterness, and malty sweetness just hit right through my palate.

But I’m not disregarding the charm of IPAs. I recommend this if you’re looking for something more intense. This will surely suit the palate of beer connoisseurs.

Ultimately, you better try them both and let your palate decide which one reigns supreme in your beer kingdom. Cheers!


Lumint ad Side Bar
Flex Ad Side Bar