Last Updated on November 11, 2023 by Lydia Martin
Steering through Riesling wines’ sweet twists and turns doesn’t have to be tough. Now is the right time to get to know these delightful white wines better.
Riesling wines aren’t just tasty; they’re a bang for the buck! I’ve savored numerous Riesling wines out there, and trust me, understanding German Riesling sweetness levels should be your first step.
So, let me guide you through what Riesling is and how you can spot the sweetness from the medium-sweet wine.
What Are The Sweetness Levels Of Riesling Wine?
The sweetness level of Riesling is divided into four categories: Dry Riesling, Medium-dry, Medium-sweet, and Sweet, which is particularly applicable to a German Riesling wine.
In short, a Riesling can range from bone-dry to slightly sweet wine (like Qualitätswein wines) to dessert-like sweetness, catering to every preference.
“Each sip of Riesling balances nature’s sugar with crafted perfection.” – Liquor Laboratory
And, as you may know, American Riesling has three labels: Sweet, Dessert, and late-harvest wines.
4 Styles of Riesling Wines & Their Levels of Sweetness
1. Medium-Dry Riesling
Medium-dry is a style of Riesling wine that’s approachable, with just enough sweetness level. It balances with the grape sugars-to-acid ratio of 1:2, delivering a blend of moderate sugar content and acid.
With crisp acidity, half-dry wines age well, up to 20 years, and can sparkle through the Charmat method.
Grape varieties for medium-dry Riesling wines are primarily from Germany’s wine regions Mosel and Rhine, the US’s Columbia and Willamette Valleys, and Australia’s Clare and Eden Valley.
2. Dry Rieslings
Dry Rieslings (also referred to as Trocken Riesling) are straight shooters – honest, upfront, and crisp.
With a residual sugar-to-acid ratio below 1, dry German Rieslings shine with high acidity and zesty citrus notes, aging gracefully for 5-15 years.
Some of the driest Riesling grapes hail from Australia’s Clare and Eden Valleys, alongside Germany’s Mosel and Rhine, France’s Alsace, and the Columbia and Willamette Valleys in the US and Austria.
3. Medium-Sweet Riesling (Off-Dry Style)
Also referred to as semi-sweet wine, medium-sweet Riesling wine features heady aromas with a little more sweetness.
Medium-sweet Rieslings balance sugar with acidity in a 2.1 to 4 ratio and deliver tasting notes akin to their off-dry counterparts.
These cellar-worthy white wines, with the potential to age gracefully for twenty years, are notably produced in Germany, Austria, and the US.
4. Sweet Riesling
Sweet wines are the indulgent ones, rich and luxurious. Sweet styles of Riesling taste like decadent desserts oozing all the sugar from the grapes.
The Riesling label “Pradikatswein,” a table wine, traditionally leans on the sweeter styles. This German wine is categorized by grape ripeness at harvest, influencing its potential alcohol content or sweetness.
This label even includes a special designation for ice wine made from frozen grapes. Other wines in the sweet styles include:
- Spatlese wine: The grapes are left on the vines longer to ripen and create more sugars, resulting in a richer style of Riesling wine, sweeter than Kabinett wines (the lightest style).
- Beerenauslese: “Berry Select Harvest” yields a rare, concentrated dessert white wine from shriveled, noble rot grapes with high sugar and alcohol levels.
- Trockenbeerenauslese: The raisinated grapes are “dry berry select harvest” and the rare wine (harvested at high sugar levels, 150-154).
- Auslese wines: The grapes are hand-selected, assuring the Riesling wine is sweet due to selected grapes for peak sugar.
Riesling Wine’s Sweetness Compared
Sauvignon stands firm, typically drier, proving a tart contrast to the Riesling’s sweet notes.
Riesling typically presents a broader range of sweetness, from dry to off-dry wine (similar to Chablis or Albarino) to very sweet.
Pinot Gris, often with a touch of sweetness, still tends to be more restrained than Riesling. The latter has a broader range of sweetness, while Pinot Gris is typically more subdued.
Chardonnay, especially when oaked, can mimic sweetness with its buttery notes. However, it usually doesn’t reach the sugar and alcohol levels of a sweet Riesling.
Why Is German Riesling Sweet?
What makes Riesling sweet is its winemaking process, which can enhance or mute the levels of sweetness.
“Riesling is like Mozart’s music – sweet, complex, and brilliant.” – Hugh Johnson, Journalist & Author
Generally, there are two main factors making Riesling wine sweet:
- The grape’s natural tendency to ripen into sugary juice
- Winemaker’s decisions to halt fermentation, leaving residual sugar , while increasing the alcohol percentage
Is Riesling a good wine for beginners?
Yes, Riesling is good for beginners for its range of sweetness levels, making it an excellent starting point for those new to the wine world.
What wine is closest to a Riesling?
The wine closest to a Riesling is the Gewürztraminer. It has the same aromatic allure as Riesling  and can range from dry to sweet.
On A Final Note
Riesling is a versatile wine that plays many tunes on the sweetness scale. From the dry wit of a Dry Riesling to the sweet serenades of its sweeter cousins, there’s a Riesling for every palate.
So, if you want to explore the white wine varieties, do not miss out on what Riesling offers. Whether you like bone-dry or sweeter wines, there’s always a Riesling for you!